Proceedings of the IV MAP-FGM International Seminar: FGM/C: From Medicine to Critical Anthropology
Has arrived the latest publication of the Multisectoral Academic Program to Prevent & Combat Female Genital Mutilation / Cutting (MAP-FGM), in which the Wassu Foundation participated along with five other institutions from Belgium, Italy, Portugal and Spain. The book FGM/C: From Medicine to Critical Anthropoly (2018), edited by Michela Fusaschi and Giovanna Cavatorta, from the Roma Tre University, compiles the proceedings of the IV International Seminar of the project, held in Rome during November 2017.
Proceedings of the III MAP-FGM International Seminar: Female Genital Mutilation / Cutting: Institutional Integrated Responses
The team of the University Institute of Lisbon (ISCTE-IUL), Clara Carvalho, Ricardo Falcão and Marta Patrício, had coordinated, edited and translated the proceedings of the III International Seminar of the European project MAP- FGM, held in Lisbon on September 27th and 28th, 2017. In the book Female Genital Mutilation / Cutting: Institutional Integrated Responses you can read the contributions of experts from Africa and Europe, including the one written by our director Dr. Adriana Kaplan, Surveys on knowledge, attitudes and practices of FGM in The Gambia.
More than 300 people attended the II International Forum on FGM/C in The Gambia organized by WGK
Among those who attended the meeting in Brufut, there are local and international authorities, diplomats, academics and researchers, public policy makers, legislators, judges and magistrates, health professionals, tutors and students of Health Sciences, community and religious leaders, local women, men and youth. The most interesting panels, according to the survey answered by the participants, were Islam and FGM/C, Gambian young women speak, and Health Policies, clinical studies and medicalization.
Jalikebba's Song "I LOVE HER COMPLETE" for Wassu Gambia Kafo
Jalikebba's Song "I LOVE HER COMPLETE" for Wassu Gambia Kafo, launched at the II International Forum on FGM/C in The Gambia, under the framework of the EU funded project Evidence into Action - Applied Research & Knowledge Transfer for Management and Prevention of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting in The Gambia, and the Catalan Agency for Development Cooperation.
Wassu Foundation has been selected to participate in the 2nd edition of the B-Value program of the Ship2B Foundation with the support of the Banco Sabadell Foundation. There are 40 projects chosen to be part of the first phase of this initiative, aimed at non-profit entities throughout Spain that act in different areas with disadvantaged groups.
The MAP-FGM project is awarded by the Observatory of University Cooperation for Development (OUCD)
The arduous, reflective and rigorous work of the multidisciplinary team of the European MAP-FGM project has been recognized by the Observatory of University Cooperation for Development (OUCD), an initiative of the Internationalization and Cooperation Committee of the Conference of Rectors of Spanish Universities (CRSU), in coordination with the Spanish Agency for International Development Cooperation and the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Cooperation.
II International Forum on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting in The Gambia
Commemorating the International day of 0 Tolerance on FGM/C, with the aim of improving girls' and women's conditions and gender equality, under the framework of the EU funded project “Evidence into Action- Applied Research & Knowledge Transfer for Management and Prevention of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting in The Gambia”, and the Catalan Agency for Development, Wassu Gambia Kafo is organizing the II International Forum on FGM/C in The Gambia: Exploring strategies and good practices - From local to global - Evidence into action.
More technology, less paper: Interactive version of the Multisectoral Academic Training Guide on FGM/C
The current technological context invites us to explore different dissemination platforms and publication formats for academic and scientific products. The members of the MAP-FGM project, in which the Wassu Foundation participated, wanted to take this opportunity to publish an interactive version of the Multisectoral Academic Training Guide on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (2017).
Proceedings of the II MAP-FGM International Seminar: Researching Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting
A new publication of the European MAP-FGM project comes, in which the Wassu Foundation participated. The book Researching Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting, edited by Els Leye and Gily Coene and published by Academic and Scientific Publishers Editions / VUB Press, is the compilation of the Proceedings of the Second Academic Seminar "Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting at the intersection of qualitative, quantitative and mixed method research. Experiences from Africa and Europe", which took place in Brussels, from June 8th to 9th, 2017.
Understand, treat and prevent: Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting - Manual for Professionals
The primary care professionals in health, social services and education, due to the characteristics of their work, are in an ideal position to carry out preventive work for FGM/C. Precisely to these professionals is directed the new publication of Wassu Foundation and the IGPS/HTP, Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting - Manual for Professionals (2017), which seeks to facilitate the understanding, care and prevention of FGM/C, addressing it from education for health.
FGM/C as a form of violence against women and girls
Dr. Adriana Kaplan, director of Foundation Wassu, participates in the course Gender Violence in the light of the latest reforms. Some practical problems, organized by the Office of the Public Prosecutor for the Violence against Women and the Center for Legal Studies, on December 4th and 5th in Madrid. At the meeting, the anthropologist will address female genital mutilation/cutting as a form of violence against women and girls, in a round table that will also talk about forced marriages, trafficking, prostitution and sexual assault.
Map of Female Genital Mutilation (FGM) in Spain 2016: Nearly 70,000 women in Spain come from countries where FGM/C is practiced
The anthropologist and director of the Wassu Foundation, Dr. Adriana Kaplan Marcusán, presented to the press the Map of Female Genital Mutilation in Spain 2016, work she did with the demographer Antonio López Gay. The publication is part of the project The Prevention of Female Genital Mutilation in Spain, which has the support of the Ministry of Employment and Social Security and is co-funded by the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund of the European Union.
“FGM/C: from Medicine to Critical Anthropology” will close the cycle of MAP-FGM Seminars
On November 24th and 25th, Roma Tre University will host the fourth and last international meeting of the MAP-FGM project, which like the previous conferences, will include the participation of Wassu Foundation to give a biomedical and anthropological approach to FGM/C.
Lisbon hosts the 3rd International Seminar “Institutional Responses to FGM/C”
The director of Wassu Foundation, Dr. Adriana Kaplan, along with other experts from various African and European countries, participated in this international meeting that dealt with the immanent complexity of institutional responses to female genital mutilation/cutting. It’s expected that the speaker’s presentations will be published in a book at the beginning of 2018.
Audiovisual creativity to raise awareness about FGM/C
A group of young artists and members of the MAP-FGM project, have made an animation video with the aim of raising awareness about the need to include the issue of female genital mutilation/cutting in the academic curriculum of certain professions.
From oral to written: publication of the proceedings of the International Congress Sociocultural and legal aspects of FGM
Dykinson editorial has compiled the main contributions made in the first international academic meeting of the Multisectoral Academic Program to Prevent and Combat the FGM/C, celebrated during February in Madrid.
José Manuel Colón moved the issue of FGM/C to the audiovisual level through his documentary, Eva’s apple, filmed in Kenya, Gambia, Spain and Chile. The film focuses on stories of women and girls who have suffered the practice, as well as the testimonies of professionals who seek to change this reality.
The Ministry of Employment and Social Security supports the Wassu Foundation in its preventive work on FGM in Spain
The Prevention of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) in Spain project, coordinated by Wassu, has the support of the Ministry of Employment and Social Security and is co-financed by the Asylum, Migration and Integration Fund (FAMI). Its implementation is carried out in Catalonia, Andalusia and also in the Balearic Islands, where more women and girls from countries where FGM/C is practiced live (31.7% and 10% respectively).
Knowledge transfer in Andalusia: health professionals are trained to prevent FGM/C
Because of its close, accessible and universal character, Primary Care plays a key role in the prevention and detection of FGM/C. Therefore, in Almeria, professionals from health and social services attended a training to increase their knowledge about the situation of FGM/C in the community, to understand the approach of the families involved and to deepen the awareness on the subject.
Lourdes Franco, member of the IGPS/HTP, participates in Jornada Hygía: the health of immigrant women in Cáceres
This is the third meeting organized by the Extremadura Human Rights Association, which main aim is to sensitize and train professionals from the Primary Care Centers of Extremadura in aspects of the health of immigrant women, mainly in the specific risks of gender violence, human trafficking and Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting.
The academy is a key factor when it comes to addressing topics with many cultural, social and health edges, such as female genital mutilation. That’s why academics and professionals from around the world gave their experiences about FGM/C research in the seminar “Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting at the intersection of qualitative, quantitative and mixed method research - Experiences from Africa and Europe”, that took place on Brussels on 8th and 9th of June.
DKV to the Trajectory Award: 10 thousand euros to continue fighting to eradicate FGM/C
Dr. Adriana Kaplan, director of Wassu-UAB Foundation, has more than 30 years of work, anthropological research and a struggle to eradicate female genital mutilation/cutting. As a tribute to this trajectory, DKV Seguros awarded it with 10,000 euros so that Wassu-UAB can continue with this work of social transformation through anthropological and medical research, applied to the transfer of knowledge.
Getting in universities classrooms: Multisectoral Academic Training Guide on FGM/C
Seeking to abandon a practice such as female genital mutilation, involves an intense work in awareness, education and training of future professionals who could be in contact with victims of FGM/C in their respective fields of work.
Adriana Kaplan receive the Memorial Lluís Companys for her social action work
Although not pursued as an aim, the awards are an important acknowledgment of the goals achieved thanks to the work carried out daily by various entities and individuals. During May, the Josep Irla Foundation highlighted the path and work of Dr. Adriana Kaplan, Professor of the Department of Social Anthropology of UAB and director of the Wassu-UAB Foundation.
Wassu in the International Seminar about sociocultural and legal aspects of FGM/C the 3rd and the 4th February in Madrid
Wassu Foundation co-organized and participated in the International Seminar “MAP FGM/C: Sociocultural and legal aspects of FGM/C. Transnational Experiences of prevention and protection” together with the Observatory of Gender Equality of the Rey Juan Carlos University, in the frame of a European project.
Wassu Foundation co-organizes and participates in the “International Seminar on sociocultural and legal aspects of Female Genital Mutilation: Transnational Experiences of prevention and protection” in Madrid
Together with the Gender Equality Observatory of the Rey Juan Carlos University, Wassu Foundation has organized the International Seminar that will take place in Madrid the 3rd and the 4th of February.
Participation in the European Project “CHAT. Changing Attitude. Fostering Dialogue to Prevent FGM”
Wassu Foundation takes part in the project “CHAT. Changing Attitude. Fostering Dialogue to Prevent FGM” directed by Fondazione l’Albero della Vita and co-funded by the Rights, Equality and Citizenship Programme of the European Union.
New publication “FGM/C: changes and trends in knowledge, attitudes, and practices among health care professionals in The Gambia”
The article, published in International Journal of Women’s Health explores the tendencies and measures changes in knowledge, attitudes and practices in FGM/C of health care professionals in The Gambia.
Act of launching of the European Union project hold in West Coast Region (The Gambia)
On the past 20th of April, Wassu Gambia Kafo (WGK) formally declared initiated the innovative project “Evidence into Action: Applied Research & Knowledge Transfer for Management and Prevention of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting in The Gambia”, financed by the European Union (EU) and implemented by WGK on West Coast Region and Central River Region through the following 36 months.
The 20th of April Wassu Gambia Kafo will conduct an inception activity for the project financed by the European Union “Evidence into Action: Applied Research & Knowledge Transfer for Management and Prevention of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting in The Gambia”.
Press Conference: The Gambian Parliament passes the first Law against Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting
Due to the International Day against FGM/C, Wassu-UAB Foundation, Obra Social “la Caixa” and Universitat Autònoma de Barcelona have presented the clinical studies that have contributed to the promulgation of the new law in The Gambia. These studies have given scientific evidence and have guided the methodological strategy to prevent FGM/C and the management of its health consequences.
Introduction of FGM in 3 Universities in Kenya and Tanzania
Wassu-UAB Foundation leads the project on the scaling up of its methodology for the management and prevention of FGM in Kenya and Tanzania, following the agreements and Memorandums of Understanding signed in 2012 with the Universities.
Gambia´s president declares his intention of banning Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C)
Wassu Gambia Kafo celebrates the sharp statement of the president of Gambia against Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C). This is a historical step towards the eradication in Gambia of an ancient practice that affects more than 70% of women and girls in the country.
17 professionals trained of the Jahally Health Centre in Central River Region (The Gambia)
17 health professionals working in the Jahally Health Centre, on the Central River Region (The Gambia) were trained by Wassu Gambia Kafo over the health hazards that FGM/C poses over the bodies of women and children, the management of its complications and the sociocultural dimension of the phenomenon.
36 community leaders sensitized in Farafenni, North Bank Region (The Gambia)
Wassu Gambia Kafo sensitized thirty six community leaders, in the North Bank Region of The Gambia. The objective was to introduce to the population of Farafenni and surrounding towns the sociocultural dimension of FGM/C as well as its risks, as well as the alternative rite of passage “Initiation without mutilation”.
Training for the Management and Prevention of FGM/C for Healthcare, Social Services and Education Professionals in Rekalde District, in Bilbao City (Basque Country, Spain)
Wassu-UAB Foundation has held a training on the management and prevention of FGM/C to 20 professionals of social services (12), education (4) and health care (4) in Rekalde district, Bilbao city within a project with Bilbao City Council.
Scale up of Wassu’s Methodology to Kenya and Tanzania: New manuals for the Management and Prevention of FGM/C
Wassu-UAB Foundation is scaling up its Methodology of knowledge transfer in cascade to Kenya and Tanzania, following the agreements and MoU signed in 2012. Two new manuals have been published for the Management and Prevention of FGM/C for Health Professionals and students.
Adriana Kaplan and Aina Mangas take part in the Conference on FGM/C, social and legal approaches, organized by the Barcelona Bar Association
On February 19, The Barcelona Bar Association (ICAB) organizes the Conference on FGM/C, social and legal approaches, with the collaboration of Adriana Kaplan and Aina Mangas as expert presenters from Wassu-UAB foundation. The event shows a growing interest for the holistic approach in the prevention of FGM/C and offers an excellent opportunity to raise awareness on the importance of legal experts as key actors for the prevention of the practice.
Aina Mangas, researcher at Wassu-UAB Foundation, participates in the Symposium on FGM/C, organized by the Balearic Institute of Women
The 6 January 2015, on the occasion of the International Day of Zero Tolerance to FGM, the Balearic Institute of Women organized a symposium on FGM/C. The event l aimed to broaden knowledge about FGM/C among the different professional fields related to social care, to expose the situation in Balearic Islands, to share good practices related to FGM/C, to create a meeting point for sensitization and debate among professionals, and to raise social awareness on FGM/C as a form of violence against women.
Within this frame, the Wassu-UAB Foundation researcher Aina Mangas participated as an expert in the workshop «health and social aspects of FGM/C».
International Consultation on Management of Women with FGM. Sorbonne University, Paris. Participation of Adriana Kaplan, Wassu-UAB Foundation
On the 27 and 28 January the Paris University of la Sorbonne hosted the International Consultation on Management of Women with FGM.
The aim of the meeting was to assess the current state of research on FGM/C within the fields of medicine, health and sexuality.
Adriana Kaplan participated as a facilitator in the workshop «training and professional networks around FGM/C management: the current state of art, discussion and recommendations».
Wassu Gambia Kafo participates in a local campaign against FGM/C in The Gambia, in partnership with Think Young Women
From the 9 to 30 January 2015, Wassu Gambia Kafo participated in an inception training for a local campaign against FGM/C in The Gambia, in partnership with Think Young Women and Safe Hands for Girls, both Gambian civil society organizations.
The campaign is based on the one month pilot project. «Booth Campaign against Gender Based Violence (GBV»), with a focus on FGM/C. This project seeks to engage people living within the Greater Banjul Area and West Coast Region by raising awareness on Gender-Based Violence, and on the negative impact of harmful traditional practices on the sexual and reproductive health of women and girls in The Gambia.
WGK training was focused on the identification and managing of FGM/C and its health consequences as well as on counselling strategies through an evidence-based scientific methodology and a culturally respectful approach.
Recognition of Adriana Kaplan’s trajectory in the fight against FGM/C
In the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women on November 25, the Executive Director of Wassu-UAB Foundation Adriana Kaplan has been awarded at a ceremony held by the Spanish Ministry of Health, Social Services and Equality, recognizing her twenty-year career trajectory in the fight against FGM/C practice.
Solidarity Concert for Wassu!
“La Caixa” Volunteers Association of El Barcelonès and Vallès Occidental organizes a Solidarity Concert for Manos Unidas and Wassu Foundation scheduled on Friday 12th December at 20h in the CaixaForum Hall of Barcelona city.
Don’t miss out on the wonderful performances of the pianist Ayako Fujiki, the violinist Rubén Herrera, the violoncellist Alena Tryhubkina and the soprano Ira Prat.
With your contribution, you will be supporting our work on the prevention of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting while enjoying an unforgettable concert.
You can buy your tickets by clicking the link below: TICKETEA
Thank you for your collaboration!
Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting: Reform of the Organic Law in Spain
Wassu-UAB Foundation supports the existence of a law that punishes Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) extraterritorially, but that explicitly excludes girls who arrive to Spain after having already undergone FGM/C in their countries of origin...
Gospel for Wassu: thank you for making it possible!
Last Saturday February 1st, the energy and the strength of the promising Catalan group, Gospel Viu Choir, fascinated the audience at Iglesia del Pi, Barcelona, in a remarkable expression of solidarity.
This was one of the events that Gospel Viu Choir Group is undertaking in different cities of Catalonia, to support Wassu-UAB Foundation and Manos Unidas. The funds raised will go to the programme for the prevention of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting, implemented in The Gambia by Wassu-UAB Foundation and Wassu Gambia Kafo.
From Wassu-UAB Foundation, we want to thank all those that made it possible, particularly the Association of Volunteers “la Caixa” and the Department of International Cooperation of Fundació “la Caixa”.
During the next months, new concerts are planned in Tarragona, Reus, Girona, Lleida, Sant Boi de Llobregat, Mataró y Manresa. Keep on visiting our webpage so that you don’t miss the next opportunity to join us!
Religious Leaders and FGM/C: Once again, we believe in dialogue
Last November 13th, a large group of members of the Gambian Supreme Islamic Council, men and women, listened carefully to the presentation of the results of our scientific studies on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C), conducted in The Gambia during the last five years.
After the presentation, Fatou Camara, member of the Reproductive and Child Health Unit of the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MoHSW), explained how having access to scientific evidence led to FGM/C being considered a public health issue. When the medicalization of the practice was suggested, she clearly expressed that it is against professional ethics and stated that the MoHSW supports the abandonment of FGM/C due to the consequences implied.
A respectful dialogue allowed an exchange of ideas among religious leaders, spreading the seeds of change.
This Christmas, health and smiles can be your gift!
This Christmas, with just two cents you can make an unforgettable gift. We invite you to help us to realize our efforts by supporting the training of nurse attendants of Batokunku School, the only school in The Gambia training these professionals. Through our training programme, we will help them to learn and treat the consequences of female genital mutilation/cutting, explaining them in which ways they can promote the abandonment of the practice from the roots, empowering them to be agents of change in their communities.
Your contribution is indispensible for us to achieve the 3,000 € we need to train the 100% students and tutors of the school. Support Wassu-UAB Foundation here , and give health and smiles as your Christmas gift! Bring your friends also on board, by sharing the link below with the people you know!
Wassu scientific articles lead BioMedLib Journal’s TOP 20
The relevance of our research has garnered the attention of BioMedLib Journal readers: our articles lead the TOP 20 publications on female genital mutilation/cutting (FGM/C). At the top of the most read, appears the article Health consequences of female genital mutilation/cutting in The Gambia, evidence into action, which presents the only clinical evidence on the consequences of FGM/C in The Gambia. Although published in 2011, the interest that this article keeps generating shows its timeliness and significance.
Ranking second are the results of research of Wassu-UAB Foundation in The Gambia, this time showing how the practice impacts on delivery and on the newly-born. Finally, our most recent study, which explores the knowledge and attitudes of Gambian men on FGM/C, as well as the practices in their households, has already reached the sixth position among the 20 most read.
Participants take the lead: Training results January - June 2013
The first semester of 2013 brings promising perspectives for the abandonment of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) in The Gambia. Wassu Gambia Kafo (WGK) has built the capacities of 593 women and men on the health consequences of the practice, opening dialogue on different ways to prevent and eliminate it...
Wassu-UAB Foundation has published two new articles as a result of the scientific research conducted in The Gambia, allowing a deep understanding of the reality of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C)...
In the event "Windows of the world: The Gambia", Prof. Adriana Kaplan, director of Wassu-UAB Foundation, will present the work developed with Gambian communities to prevent Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C), through an alternative rite of passage to womanhood where the physical cutting is eliminated preserving the social and cultural meanings of the practice, which award ethnic and gender identity. This event, where the video-documentary "Initiation without Mutilation" will be shown and commented, takes place in the context of the celebration of the International Day of Zero Tolerance to Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting. The video-documentary will be presented in Caixa Forum on the 4th February 2013 at 7 p.m. in Barcelona.
Exposition "A future without female genital mutilation/cutting"
Wassu Gambia Kafo presents the exposition "A future without Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C)" which will take place between the 1st and the 26th of February in CCT Can Canyadó, Badalona. In the exposition, pictures expressing the work developed with Gambian communities to prevent (FGM/C) will be shown. The inauguration will be on the 1st of February 2013, at 7 p.m.
The UAB creates a foundation to prevent female genital mutilation/cutting
The UAB anthropologist Adriana Kaplan will lead the new Wassu-UAB Foundation, an institution created with the aim of contributing for the care and prevention of Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C), based on a pioneer methodology of research applied to knowledge transfer. Wassu-UAB Foundation has been presented in a press conference in Barcelona by the Vice-Chancellor of Social and Cultural Transfer of the UAB, Dr. Buenaventura Bassegoda...
The State Secretariat for Equality supports the establishment of Wassu Foundation
The State Secretariat for Equality of the Ministry of Health, Social Policy and Equality of the Kingdom of Spain, supports the establishment of Wassu Foundation. In a letter to the Vice-Chancellor for Social and Cultural Transfer of the UAB, Dr. Buenaventura Bassegoda, the State Secretariat for Equality supports this initiative defining it as "full of hope and future for many girls and women."
Presentation of clinical results on FGM/C in the colloquium of West African Imams and Oulemas in Mauritania
Prof. Adriana Kaplan took part as an international expert in the Colloquium of West African Imams and Oulemas under the theme "Islam and FGC", organized by UNFPA, UNICEF, UN Women and GIZ. She introduced the clinical survey on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) that was collected in The Gambia, highlighting the importance of involving religious leaders in the commitment of FGM/C abandonment. The message was well received by the religious leaders and other partners attending the presentation, coming from a scientific background...
Presentation of clinical results on FGM/C to religious leaders in The Gambia
As requested by the Office of the Vice President through the Women's Bureau, WGK collected data on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C) in The Gambia. Two researches were carried out by WGK with the support of the Cuban Medical Mission in tThe Gambia and the School for Enrolled Community Health Nurses & Midwives (ECHN/M) students of Mansakonko and were supervised by WGK and ECHN/M tutors. Women's Bureau decided to expose these results to the religious leaders to bring scientific evidence in The Gambia...
Following the implementation of the academic curriculum on Female Genital Mutilation/Cutting (FGM/C), Wassu Gambia Kafo (WGK) conducted four pilot trainings at the Enrolled Community Nurse School (ECHN) in Mansakonko and State Enrolled Nurse School (SEN) in Bansang.
The importance of the trainings lies in the key role that health professionals can play when it comes to the prevention of FGM/C in the public health system of The Gambia. Most of these professionals do not have adequate knowledge about the consequences derived from FGM/C and are not able to relate them to the complications detected in women on daily basis. The purpose of the trainings is to transfer knowledge based on applied research and build capacities of nurses, midwives, nurse tutors and students, to be able to identify the types of FGM/C, its associated complications, as well as sensitize the community, promoting the alternative ritual "Initiation without Cutting".