The Wassu Foundation has presented the Map of Female Genital Mutilation in Spain, with data from the year 2016, prepared by Dr. Adriana Kaplan Marcusán and the demographer Antonio López Gay. The objective of this update is to analyze the figures of the female population from countries in which the practice of FGM/C persists, demographically characterize it by sex and age, establish their countries of origin and locate it in Spanish territory.
This report offers a longitudinal look over time allowing us to compare the current picture of female sub-Saharan immigration, with what happened at the time of the publication of the maps of 2012 and 2008. According to the information gathered in this study, in Spain there are 69,086 women who come from countries where FGM is practiced, 5.2% more than in 2012. Of them, 18,396 are girls between 0 and 14 years old, a group that has decreased 0.35% in the last four years.
DATA OF INTEREST
Almost one third of the female population from FGM/C origins registered in Spain resides in Catalonia, the autonomous community that leads the ranking with 21,298 women and 6,295 girls from 0 to 14 years old. It is followed by the Community of Madrid, with 8,891 women and 2,128 girls under 15 years of age. The third place is occupied by Andalucía, with 7,820 women and 1,741 girls.
If we look to the provinces, Barcelona is the one with the largest female population from sub-Saharan countries, 12,360 women and 3,569 girls between 0 and 14 years old. In second place Madrid, continues Girona, with 4,538 women and 1,409 girls, and Valencia with 3,276 women and 950 girls between 0 and 14 years old.
The region that has experienced a biggest growth of female population from FGM/C origin since 2012, has been the Basque Country, where women have gone from 3,308 to 4,890. In Asturias and Galicia, the growth of this group has also been important, over 21%, while in Catalonia and Aragon has hovered 5%. On the other hand, the population of girls between 0 and 14 years of age in countries with prevalence of FGM/C, has decreased in the Balearic Islands, Aragón, Canarias, Comunitat Valenciana, Catalonia and Madrid.
Check the Map of FGM in Spain 2016